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Investing in Cryptocurrency for Beginners — Ultimate Guide [2024]
Jan 12, 2024

Investing in Cryptocurrency for Beginners — Ultimate Guide [2024]

Cryptocurrency has come a long way since it first burst onto the scene back in 2009, and has evolved from a niche cypherpunk concept to an influ­ential force that is transf­orming the global financial lands­cape. It's now 2024, and crypto has continued to gain worldwide interest and adoption, with individuals and institutions showing more willingness to invest their hard-earned capital into this exciting asset class.

However, with the birth of numerous different cryptocu­rrencies, navig­ating the fast-paced world of crypto has become much more challenging. Factors such as volat­ility and a lack of understanding of the underlying concept are just some of the difficulties faced by newcomers hoping to invest in cryptoc­urrency. 

But not to worry.

If you're interested in investing in cryptocurrency, and want to explore the world of digital currencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, you've come to the right place! 

This comprehensive beginner's guide provides you with the essential knowledge and step-by-step instructions on how to invest in cryptocurrency. In a few minutes, you’ll learn about cryptocurrency investing, navigating the market, and ultimately, how to make informed investment decisions.

So don't miss out on the opportunity to explore the potential of digital currencies and embark on your cryptocurrency investment journey today!

Understanding the Basics of Cryptocurrency

Understanding the basics of cryptocurrency is essential for anyone looking to buy crypto and enter the world of digital assets. This includes understanding the various types, market cap, value, and most importantly, differe­ntiating between investing and trading. 

So whether you are an individual or a business, mastering these basics will help you to make informed decisions and confidently navig­ate this constantly evolving crypto landscape. 

Let's dive right into it!

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital asset that operates using block­chain techn­ology. Unlike traditional curre­ncies, cryptocu­rrencies are decent­ralised and rely on a secure and trans­parent system called distr­ibuted ledger techn­ology (DLT) to record transa­ctions. 

The most famous cryptoc­urrency is Bitcoin, which was introduced in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto. 

Curre­ntly, there are thousands of different cryptocu­rrencies avail­able, each serving specific purposes and offering distinct features.

Types of Cryptocurrency 

To avoid confusion while you're buying cryptocurrency, it’s crucial to first learn about the different types, each of which has its own uniqueness, levels of popul­arity, utility, and compl­exity:

Bitcoin (BTC) is a well-known cryptoc­urrency, being the first-of-its-kind. It has gained popularity as a digital equiv­alent of gold, known for its limited supply and high market value. 

Ethereum (ETH) is a versatile cryptoc­urrency that empowers the devel­opment of smart contracts and decent­ralised applic­ations (dApps).

In addition to the well-known cryptocu­rrencies mentioned above, there are a variety of other digital curre­ncies dubbed "Altcoins". These alter­native coins cater to specific markets and offer distinct features, and if you intend to explore or buy these, you will usually have to register an account with a reputable cryptoc­urrency exchange that has them listed. 

You can also visit platforms like CoinMar­ketCap, which provides a compre­hensive list of all the cryptocu­rrencies; as well as in-depth details about them.

Understanding Market Cap and Value

Investing in bitcoin or any cryptoc­urrency without unders­tanding market capital­isation and value is navig­ating through a vast ocean without a compass or map. Before making an inves­tment decision, it is crucial to have a compre­hensive knowledge beyond just knowing the best crypto.

In essence, market cap refers to the total value of a cryptocurrency, calculated by multiplying its price by the total circulating supply. It provides insights into the size and relative position of a cryptocurrency within the market. On the other hand, value refers to the perceived worth or utility (i.e tokenomics) of a cryptocurrency based on its underlying technology, use cases, and market demand. 

On the flip side, the value of cryptoc­urrencies varies from one to another when compared to curre­ncies like the US dollar or other cryptocu­rrencies. In any case, keeping track of cryptoc­urrency values is crucial because they can be quite unstable and exper­ience signi­ficant fluctu­ations within short time frames. By comprehending market cap and value, investors can make more informed decisions when trading crypto and choosing the best cryptocurrencies to invest in.  

Cryptocurrency Trading Vs Investing

Investing in cryptocu­rrencies involves buying them with the intention of holding onto them for a long period, hoping that their value will increase over time. This approach typically demands patience and a firm convi­ction in the potential growth and usefu­lness of the selected cryptoc­urrency. Unlike traditional investments such as stocks or bonds, cryptocurrencies don't represent ownership in a company or promise of future cash flows. Instead, they derive value from scarcity, utility, and demand.

On the other hand, trading involves buying and selling cryptocu­rrencies in the short term to capit­alize on market fluctu­ations. The goal is to generate profits quickly. This strategy requires actively monit­oring prices, unders­tanding technical analysis, and employing various trading strat­egies. 

How to Invest in Cryptocurrency 

Choosing a Crypto Wallet 

If you are consi­dering investing in cryptocu­rrencies, it is essential to have a secure storage solution. This is where a cryptoc­urrency wallet becomes crucial. A cryptoc­urrency wallet can be either a digital or physical device designed to safely store your cryptocu­rrencies. There are two main types of wallets avail­able: hot wallets and cold wallets.

Hot wallets are connected to the internet and offer easy access for frequent trading. They provide conve­nience for managing inves­tments but also pose a higher risk of cyber-a­ttacks. Common examples of hot wallets include mobile apps and online platf­orms.

In contrast, cold wallets are offline storage devices such as hardware wallets that securely store your private keys. These wallets provide a higher level of security compared to hot wallets since they are less vulne­rable to hacking attempts. It is crucial to educate yourself about the different wallet options available and select the one that aligns with your inves­tment goals and security prefer­ences.

Crypto Exchanges: Centralised vs. Decentralised

Another important step to start investing in cryptocurrency is to choose an exchange where you can buy and sell your crypto. These exchanges are categ­orised into two types: centr­alised and decentr­alised.

Coinbase and other centr­alised exchanges (CEX) are platforms that are operated by a central entity to make it easier for people to trade cryptocu­rrencies. These exchanges offer user-f­riendly inter­faces, better liqui­dity, and advanced trading tools. However, they may have stricter KYC (Know Your Customer) requir­ements and because they rely on a single point of control, they can be more vulne­rable to hacking attempts.

Decentralised exchanges (DEXs) like Uniswap, on the other hand, allow users to trade cryptocurrencies directly with each other, removing the need for an intermediary. DEXs provide more privacy, autonomy, and lower fees, but they often have lower liquidity and may be quite challenging to navigate for beginners.

When selecting a cryptocurrency exchange, it's important to consider various factors that can impact your exper­ience. These include fees, security measures, user-f­riendly inter­face, and the range of cryptocu­rrencies available for trading.

Crypto Index and Strategy Platforms 

After becoming familiar with wallets and excha­nges, you can consider exploring platforms such as ICONOMI,which provide options for investing in crypto indexes and strat­egies. By investing in a diver­sified portfolio of cryptocu­rrencies that are managed by experts, these platforms offer a conve­nient option for new investors who may not have the time or expertise to develop their own inves­tment strat­egies.

Investing in a pre-built portfolio allows you to diversify your crypto assets without the need for constant monit­oring and decision-making. This strategy helps mitigate the overall risk of cryptoc­urrency inves­tment while still offering potential returns.

To succes­sfully invest in cryptocu­rrencies, it's important to thoro­ughly research and compare different platforms that align with your needs and prefer­ences. By following these steps, you'll be on track to navigate the dynamic world of digital curre­ncies effect­ively.

Investing in Different Cryptocurrencies  

Major Cryptocurrencies 

When you're just starting out with inves­ting, it's important to get acqua­inted with some of the major cryptocu­rrencies in circulation. The most well-est­ablished ones include Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Binance Coin (BNB), Cardano (ADA), and XRP, all of which have a track record of relia­bility and have proven to be worth investing in over time. While Bitcoin is widely recog­nised as the first cryptoc­urrency, Ethereum has gained popul­arity for its smart contract capabi­lities, especially in hosting decent­ralised applic­ations (dApps). By focusing on these estab­lished crypto projects, you can build a strong found­ation for your inves­tment journey.

Altcoins and Their Potential 

Altcoins refer to alter­native cryptocu­rrencies other than Bitcoin, being the legacy cryptocurrency. These digital curre­ncies have the potential for subst­antial growth in value. Some of the widely recog­nised altcoins include Litecoin (LTC), Dogecoin (DOGE), Polkadot (DOT), Solana (SOL), and Monero (XMR).

While investing in altcoins can attract more risk, an investor's ability to condu­ct thorough research can help uncover hidden opport­unities with potential for signi­ficant returns.

Emerging Cryptocurrency Projects 

As the cryptoc­urrency space continues to evolve, new projects are const­antly emerging. While there are many projects to keep an eye on, some stand out due to their innov­ative features and potential for growth.

Prominent examples of this category of projects include Cardano (ADA), an open-source project aiming for sustainability and scalability; Tron (TRX) which is focused on decentralising the internet and entertainment content and; Tether (USDT), a stablecoin pegged to the US dollar known for providing stability in times of market volatility. 

While these projects may not account for a big chunk of the crypto market share like the major cryptocu­rrencies, they do present intri­guing opport­unities for diversif­ication.  

Alternative Ways to Invest in Cryptocurrency 

Apart from direct buying and trading, there are several alternative ways to invest in cryptocurrencies, some of which include the following:

  • Crypto Mining: This involves using computer hardware to solve complex mathematical problems, which in turn secures and processes transactions on a blockchain. Miners are rewarded with new coins for their efforts.
  • Staking: Certain cryptocu­rrencies, partic­ularly those that utilise Proof of Stake (PoS) conse­nsus, offer the oppor­tunity to earn addit­ional coins by holding and "staking" your coins in a wallet. This process also contr­ibutes to enhancing network security.
  • Similar to mutual funds for stocks, there are crypto funds that pool together different cryptocu­rrencies. These profess­ionally managed portf­olios provide exposure to the cryptoc­urrency market without the need to indivi­dually manage each trade.
  • Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) and Token Sales are methods of fundr­aising in the cryptoc­urrency world. In these mecha­nisms, new cryptocu­rrencies offer their under­lying tokens in exchange for bitcoin or ether. It can be compared to crowdf­unding, but specif­ically for the crypto industry.

Managing Risks and Security

Understanding Volatility 

The value of cryptocu­rrencies can be highly unpredi­ctable, with prices often under­going signi­ficant and sudden shifts. As such, it is crucial to understand that the worth of your digital assets may fluctuate rapidly, implying you should be prepared for both favorable gains and potential losses. One way to mitigate the impact of such volat­ility is to diversify your inves­tments across multiple cryptocu­rrencies.

Choosing a Secure Storage Method 

Keeping your cryptocurrency secure is crucial to protecting your investments. One reliable method is to use a hardware wallet, which stores your private keys offline, making it more difficult for hackers to access your funds. When choosing a wallet, look for reputable brands and ensure you follow their security guidelines. Keep your backup seed phrases and private keys in a safe place to prevent loss or theft.

Risk Management in Crypto Investing 

Risk management is critical when investing in the crypto space, especially for beginners. Here are a few strategies to manage risk when trading cryptocurrencies:

  • Invest what you can afford to lose: As a newbie, it is important to invest only a small portion of your dispo­sable income. This way, you can mitigate your risk exposure without compromising your other financial goals.
  • Diversification: As the popular saying goes, "Don't put all your egg in one basket." Spread your investments across various cryptocurrencies as well as other digital asset classes to mitigate risk exposure.
  • Setting stop-loss orders: This is an automated trading strategy used on crypto exchanges that can help minimize losses by automatically selling your assets when they reach a pre-determined price.

Identifying and Avoiding Scams

The cryptoc­urrency market is known for its suscept­ibility to scams and fraud­ulent activ­ities. To safeguard your invest­ments, it's crucial to remain vigilant and conduct metic­ulous research before making any decis­ions. Here are some key factors to watch out for:

  • Pump and dump schemes: This are fraud­ulent tactics used by groups or indiv­iduals to manip­ulate asset prices. They accom­plish this by encou­raging large-scale buying (known as pumping) followed by selling (known as dumping), solely for their own gain.
  • Phishing scams: Beware of emails or messages from unknown sources that request your private keys or other sensitive information.
  • Fraudulent projects or ICOs: Conduct in-depth research on projects, their teams, and their potential benefits before investing in any crypto assets.

The Future of Crypto Investing 

The future of crypto investing relies strongly on two main factors - mainstream acceptance and technology advancement. While these two play major roles in shaping the future of crypto investment, they also serve as measuring index for the sustainability of the industry as a whole.

As a newbie in the space, it is important to recognise the growing invol­vement of instit­utional inves­tors, such as banks and hedge funds, in this market. Their interest stems from cryptocu­rrencies demons­trating their value as inves­tment opport­unities with signi­ficant potential for growth.

Notably, platforms like Kraken has strea­mlined the process for instit­utional investors to enter the cryptoc­urrency market. Their likes provide the required infrast­ructure and security measures, making it more acces­sible for instit­utions to participate seamlessly. As such, this increasing partic­ipation from estab­lished financial players lends credi­bility to the market and contr­ibutes to its overall stabi­lity and sustainability.

Technology-wise, it is crucial to stay informed about the latest develo­pments in block­chain techn­ology and the rise of decent­ralized applic­ations (dApps). One parti­cular area worth exploring is decent­ralised finance (DeFi), which presents exciting possib­ilities for gener­ating passive income.

However, beyond DeFi, it is important to note that dApps are now making their way into various indus­tries, including social media, gaming, and supply chain manag­ement, all of which offers their own unique investment opportunities.

Getting Answers to Burning Questions

Is Cryptocurrency a Good Asset Class for Investment? 

Cryptocurrencies, with their potential for high returns, offer a unique investment opportunity. However, they are also associated with high risks due to their volatility. While past performance has seen remarkable gains for early adopters, it's essential to understand that the crypto market is still young and can be influenced by various factors. As with any investment, potential investors should do their research, understand their risk tolerance, and possibly consult with financial advisors.

How Much Money Is Enough to Get Started? 

The beauty of cryptocurrency is that, unlike many traditional investments, one doesn't need a significant amount to start. Many coins can be divided into fractions, allowing for small investments. The golden rule, however, is to never invest money you can't afford to lose. Start with an amount you're comfortable with, and as you gain more knowledge and confidence, you can adjust your investments accordingly.

Is Cryptocurrency a Taxed Asset?

Cryptocu­rrencies, including in the United Kingdom (UK), are typically treated as taxable assets. This means that if you sell your crypto for a profit, you may be subject to capital gains tax. It's worth noting that cryptoc­urrency taxation is dependent on the specific activ­ities and indiv­iduals involved. Additi­onally, regul­ations regarding taxes on cryptocu­rrencies can differ from country to country.

In the United Kingdom for instance, cryptocu­rrencies, often called "crypto­assets" by Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC), are subject to taxation through any of the following means: Capital Gains Tax, Income Tax and National Insurance, Inheritance Tax and Record Keeping.

With this knowledge, it's crucial to keep records of your transactions and consult with a tax advisor or a legal professional familiar with cryptocurrency regulations in your region to ensure compliance with all tax obligations as well as to understand any potential reliefs or allowances.


The future of cryptoc­urrency investing is indeed promi­sing, thanks to advanc­ements in block­chain techn­ology and decent­ralised applic­ations (dApps) that have expanded into untapped markets. With incre­asing adoption and growing mains­tream accep­tance, the potential opport­unities are boundless.

If you are still interested in joining the bandwagon, then there's no better moment than now. The best part? You don't have to go far to find valuable resou­rces. Platforms like ICONOMI cater specif­ically to newcomers inter­ested in investing or trading cryptocu­rrencies, offering a smooth and acces­sible exper­ience to navigate the crypto world one transaction at a time. However, it's essential to select a service provider that not only safeg­uards your assets but also helps you navigate today's digital landscape – precisely what ICONOMI does.

So why not seize the moment?

Take advantage of the excep­tional inves­tment opport­unities available on ICONOMI. Sign up today to access a wide range of options and enhance your inves­tment skills. The greatest advantage is being able to develop your own distinct inves­tment strategy and maximise the benefits provided by ICONOMI!

Investing in Crypto - Guide
Learn about the cryptocurrency market, discover Crypto Strategies, and master the art of building your crypto portfolio.
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